© UNICEF/UNI317998

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this project is to carry out real-time operational quantitative and qualitative research on the COVID-19 pandemic in 25 Latin American and the Caribbean countries (Argentina, Belize, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Perú, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, and Venezuela) specifically, issues of women’s, child, and adolescent health to inform public policies and the allocation of resources.

RESULTS

The results will be included in a document with practical, evidence-based, recommendations on how to return to quality health services at the local, regional, and national levels.

 

Follow-up on the evolving response to the COVID-19 pandemic throughout 2021, with respect to health services for women, children and adolescents in 25 Latin American and Caribbean countries.

JUSTIFICATION

  • Deprioritization of the delivery of maternal, child and adolescent health services as these population groups are at lower risk to COVID-19.

  • Poor service provision could result in a backsliding of health indicators related to child development policies and financing in the medium to long term.

  • Unlike devastating but confined disasters, the trajectory of the pandemic remains unknown as well as when services will return, including when those providing services are quarantined.

  • There are less opportunities to report abuse and many barriers to denounce these on virtual platforms.

  • Estimates from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health indicate that if there are disruptions to routine health services and a decrease in access to nutrition (as a result of inevitable disruptions, a collapse of the health system or deliberate decisions made with regard to the pandemic response), the increase in child and maternal mortality could be devastating.

ACTIVITIES

  1. Review of scientific literature and media sources of what has worked and has not worked in disaster situations, both in scientific publications and in the press.

  2. Collect national women’s, child, and adolescent health data from the 25 selected countries.

  3. Administer online questionnaires to public and non-governmental officials in the health and social sectors to identify challenges in the provision of health and social services to women, children, and adolescents.

  4. Conduct and analyze semi-structured interviews via audio or video to a maximum of 100 public and non-governmental officials in the health and social sectors from the list of selected.

  5. Write final report with recommendations.

  6. Presentation of report.

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1 Timothy Roberton, Emily D Carter, Victoria B Chou, Angela R Stegmuller, Bianca D Jackson, Yvonne Tam, Talata Sawadogo-Lewis, Neff Walker. Early   estimates of the indirect effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on maternal and child mortality in low-income and middle-income countries: a modelling   study. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA. Lancet Glob Health 2020 Published Online May 12,   2020 https://doi.org/10.1016/ S2214-109X(20)30229-1.https://www.thelancet.com/journals/langlo/article/PIIS2214-109X(20)30229-1/fulltext